Causes of Hypothyroidism & Solutions

Hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone, can be caused by a range of factors. Here is a list of common causes:

  1. Autoimmune disease: One of the most common causes is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system attacks thyroid tissue.
  2. Treatment for hyperthyroidism: Sometimes, the treatment of an overly active thyroid (hyperthyroidism), which often involves radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications, can lead to hypothyroidism.
  3. Thyroid surgery: Removal of all or a large portion of the thyroid gland can diminish or halt hormone production.
  4. Radiation therapy: Radiation used to treat cancers of the head and neck can affect thyroid gland and lead to hypothyroidism.
  5. Iodine deficiency: Iodine is essential for thyroid hormone production. A lack of iodine in the diet can cause hypothyroidism.
  6. Certain medications: Some medications can interfere with thyroid hormone production. For instance, lithium, used to treat psychiatric disorders, is known to affect thyroid function.
  7. Congenital disease: Some babies are born with a dysfunctional or missing thyroid gland, which leads to hypothyroidism from birth, a condition termed congenital hypothyroidism.
  8. Pituitary disorder: A rare cause of hypothyroidism can be due to the failure of the pituitary gland to produce enough Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH), which stimulates the thyroid gland to produce its hormones.
  9. Pregnancy: Some women develop hypothyroidism during or after pregnancy (postpartum hypothyroidism), often because they produce antibodies to their own thyroid gland.
  10. Subacute thyroiditis: This is a temporary condition that may follow a viral infection and generally resolves on its own within a couple of months.
  11. Leaky Gut: can cause a congested liver. The liver converts most of the thyroid hormone T4 into T3 which each cell in our body needs. When the liver is overloaded with large proteins that come through the leaky gut it can cause a lack of T4 conversion.

Proper diagnosis and treatment, which usually involves thyroid hormone replacement therapy, can manage hypothyroidism effectively. If you suspect you may have hypothyroidism, it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


Autoimmune diseases

often affect women more frequently than men. In hypothyroidism, which is predominantly an autoimmune disease like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland, leading to decreased production of thyroid hormones. Factors such as hormonal fluctuations, genetic predisposition, and environmental triggers may all contribute to the higher incidence of autoimmune disorders in women.

ALL Disease Starts in the Gut


Triggers for an autoimmune disease are many but toxins in food harm the gut lining where the immune system is located. Removing those toxins can be highly beneficial as well as restoring the gut health

Iodine deficiency

is a global health issue that occurs when a person does not have enough iodine in their diet. Iodine is a crucial trace element that is essential for the production of thyroid hormones, which are critical for metabolism, growth, and development. The body cannot produce iodine, so it must be obtained through diet.

Causes of Iodine Deficiency

  • Low dietary intake of iodine due to soil depletion in certain regions
  • Lack of iodized salt consumption
  • Diets high in goitrogenic foods, which can interfere with iodine utilization
  • Poor accessibility to seafood or dairy products, common dietary sources of iodine

Health Implications

  • Goiter: An enlargement of the thyroid gland due to the body’s attempt to capture more iodine from the bloodstream
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition characterized by low thyroid hormone production, leading to fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance
  • Developmental Abnormalities: During pregnancy, iodine deficiency can lead to cretinism in the child, which involves severe mental and physical retardation
  • Impaired Cognitive Function: In children and adults, insufficient iodine can affect cognitive abilities and reduce IQ levels

Prevention and Management

  • Iodized Salt: One of the most effective ways to prevent iodine deficiency is the use of iodized table salt
  • Dietary Adjustments: Including foods rich in iodine, such as fish, dairy, and seaweeds, in the diet
  • Supplementation: Where necessary, iodine supplements may be advised by a healthcare professional


Addressing iodine deficiency is crucial for public health, especially in regions where natural sources are limited. Combating this issue involves a combined effort of individuals making dietary changes and public health strategies like iodization of salt and food fortification programs.

Leaky Gut:

Leaky gut refers to the lining of the small intestine that can become damaged, leading to increased intestinal permeability. This allows substances such as undigested food particles, bacteria, and toxins to leak through the intestinal walls into the bloodstream. The immune system may react to these foreign substances, potentially leading to inflammation and various health issues.

Potential Causes of Leaky Gut

  • Poor diet: Consumption of high-sugar, high-fat, and processed foods can contribute to the weakening of the intestinal barrier.
  • Excessive alcohol intake: Alcohol can disrupt gut integrity and gut microbiome balance.
  • Chronic stress: Elevated stress levels have been associated with increased intestinal permeability.
  • Medication: Certain medications, like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics, and acid-reducing drugs, may affect the gut lining.
  • Infections: Certain bacterial infections can cause or worsen a leaky gut.
  • Autoimmune disorders: Conditions such as celiac disease and Crohn’s disease can lead to increased intestinal permeability.

Health Implications

  • Autoimmune diseases: A leaky gut may trigger or exacerbate autoimmune conditions, as the immune system reacts to substances that cross the intestinal barrier.
  • Inflammatory diseases: Chronic inflammation can stem from a leaky gut, contributing to diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  • Allergies: Increased intestinal permeability may lead to food sensitivities and allergies.
  • Chronic fatigue: Leaky gut has been suggested as a potential factor in chronic fatigue syndrome.

Prevention and Management

  • Dietary changes: Consuming a diet rich in whole foods, fiber, and nutrients can support gut health.
  • Probiotics and prebiotics: These can help rebalance the gut microbiota and support the intestinal barrier.
  • Stress management: Techniques like meditation, exercise, and adequate sleep can improve gut health.
  • Limiting alcohol and NSAIDs: Reducing intake of substances known to impact the gut lining can prevent damage.
  • Supplementation: Glutamine, zinc, and other supplements might be recommended to help restore gut integrity.

The information provided on this website is not meant to substitute professional medical advice. Consult your health care provider in regard to supplementation, especially if you are on any kind of medication.